by Joyce K. Ellis
Sitting in a face-to-face conference appointment with a highly revered writer, I trembled as she silently read my devotional article. I clutched my notebook like a shield over my heart, awaiting her reaction.
“This is good,” she said. “I think it’s publishable. Tighten and polish and send it off.”
Ecstatic, I found refuge in a nearby restroom for a quick thank-You-Lord session. Then I realized I didn’t have a clue what she meant by “tighten and polish.” I’ve spent the rest of my career figuring that out.
With shrinking publisher budgets and reader attention spans, we can increase our publishing quotient if we learn to economize with words. Here are a few “cutting” reminders.
Begin with the big picture. What is the purpose of your nonfiction piece? Write, in one sentence, what it will say (not what it’s about). For example, not this: My article is about how we can strengthen our prayer lives. But something like this: We can strengthen our prayer lives by learning the art of worship, learning the importance of a pure heart, and learning the practice of praying without ceasing. By the way, those would make great subheads.
I call this an article-in-a-nutshell sentence. Does each sentence, paragraph, anecdote, quotation, and statistic support the article’s focus?
Similarly, write a book-in-a-nutshell sentence for your novel and each chapter. Is every action, dialogue exchange, and setting description essential to that scene’s purpose? If not, cut it. (But save it in another file. You may be dumpster-diving for ideas someday and find a way to recycle what you discarded.)
Once we shape the big picture, we can start hacking away at smaller pieces of “deadwood,” such as these redundancies:
- ecstatic with joy. Could we be ecstatic with sadness? Ecstatic is sufficient.
- down through the long centuries. All centuries consist of exactly one hundred years, none longer than another. Through the centuries will do.
- mischievous grin on her face. Where else would she be wearing it?
- She nodded yes, or he shook his head no.
When noting this last redundancy in workshops, I say, “Look at me.” I nod. “This means yes, right?” Then I shake my head. “This means no, right? So we don’t need the yes and no.”
Note: Axing a word here and there can leave room in our word count to develop our theme better.
Writing flows better with wise word choices. Often we use too many words, trying to ensure readers understand, and we wind up sounding like the Amplified Bible. That reference work provides unique insights, but it’s awkward to read.
So, painstakingly pick the best word. Here’s an example: Through Christ we experience the joy and delight of our salvation.
How much difference is there between joy and delight? When you find other multiple-choice synonyms, such as sins and transgressions or sadness and sorrow, in your writing, I hope you’ll hear my little bell-like voice in your head, chiming, “Pick one.”
Wordiness tires readers. Keep them engaged by streamlining expressions such as these:
Wordy: Diane inquired as to his reason for coming. [8 words]
Streamlined: Diane asked why he came.[5 words]
Wordy: Jesus often used stories as an effective means of making abstract truths understandable. [13 words]
Streamlined: Jesus often used stories to make abstract truths understandable. [9 words] Or …to clarify abstract truths. [8 words]
Wordy: We need to take time to reflect on what we read. As we do this, we will receive new insights into what God has to say to us. [28 words]
Streamlined: As we reflect on what we read, God will provide new insights. [12 words]
Note: If you want to emphasize taking time, you might retain that part. However, reflecting implies taking time.
Though I’m mathematically challenged, I believe we have saved twenty-three words in these few examples. That offers another sentence or two to develop an important point elsewhere. We don’t want to change the nuance, but such streamlining can enhance precision.
Restructure Prepositional Phrases
Prepositional phrases can also indicate places to simplify. For example, we wouldn’t write the favorite planet of Janet. We’d turn it into a possessive: Janet’s favorite planet.
But when a proper noun isn’t involved, we often miss an opportunity to write tight. Note these examples:
Original: opportunity for self-advancement
Restructured: self-advancement opportunity
Original: her address in London
Restructured: her London address
Original: tablets of stone
Restructured: stone tablets
Little by little, we whittle and whittle—tightening our writing.
Often we ease into a statement instead of hitting it dead on, even in fiction.
Wordy: Michael decided to get even with the bully.
The decision isn’t the important thing here, so we can delete that whole sentence. In context, we will know what Michael decided when we read what he did.
Better: Michael punched the bully in the stomach.
Watch for Trigger Words
Other expressions that slow the flow include these: one of the, there is/are/were, it’s interesting to note that…. I call them trigger words because they trigger a need for “surgery.”
Surgery candidate: One of the fears many of us experience as a reality in our lives is the fear of being alone.
Healthier: Many of us fear solitude.
Surgery candidate: There are many people who have never read the Bible through.
Healthier: Many people have never read the Bible through.
Surgery candidate: It is interesting to note that God didn’t rebuke Peter when he began to sink.
Healthier: God didn’t rebuke Peter when he began to sink. (Let the reader decide whether it’s interesting or not.)
Clean Up Qualifiers
We can slash most qualifying words, such as these: very, slightly, almost, nearly, just, really, and seem to.
Ridiculous example: I just want you to know that I really don’t like to see so many qualifiers in your writing. They seem to be very distracting and almost always make meslightly nauseated.
Cleaned up: Eliminate nonessential qualifiers. They’re distracting, even sickening.
Qualifiers have a place in our language. But cut the nonessential ones.
Go on a Which Hunt
Use your manuscript search capability to find the word which (also who, whom, that)in your piece. Often they can go bye-bye:
- conversations which are replete with stories [delete which are]
- people whom we have known [delete whom]
- Teenagers don’t enjoy the same activities that they did when they were younger. [delete that].
The more we read good writing, carefully edit our own work, and get peer critiques, the more ways we’ll learn to tighten and polish our writing.
Want to communicate clearly and hold reader attention? Eliminate nonessentials.